A recent report has highlighted concerns over the centralization of Ethereum’s staking, with five major providers controlling over half of the staked Ether. The report identifies Lido, Coinbase, Figment, Binance, and Kraken as the dominant players in Ethereum’s staking ecosystem. Lido, in particular, controls almost one-third of the total staked Ether, raising concerns about concentrated liquidity providers and node operators.
One alarming finding is that on Lido’s platform, a single node operator selected by Lido’s DAO (governed by a few wallet addresses) controls over 230,000 ETH and more than 7,000 validator sets. This level of control poses a risk of a single point of failure in the Ethereum network. A proposal to cap the staking share at 22% was overwhelmingly rejected by Lido’s DAO, further exacerbating the issue.
The report also highlights the growing issue of rehypothecation risks in interconnected DeFi protocols. This refers to the practice of using collateral from one protocol to secure loans in another protocol. If the value of the collateral drops significantly or if there are cyberattacks or protocol malfunctions, it could trigger a chain reaction of liquidations across multiple protocols, leading to potential financial instability.
Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of Ethereum, has acknowledged the issue of node centralization as a significant concern for the network. In addition to the centralization concerns, the report points out that the total staking yield has dropped from 7.3% to 5.5%. This diminishing yield, coupled with the increasing centralization, is diminishing Ethereum’s appeal compared to traditional assets.
These developments pose significant obstacles to Ethereum’s goal of mainstream adoption. Despite its pioneering role in decentralized applications and smart contracts, the network’s decentralization ethos is being undermined by declining staking returns and increasing centralization. These issues could potentially hinder Ethereum’s future growth and adoption.
It is important to note that this article was generated with the support of AI and has been reviewed by an editor to ensure accuracy and journalistic standards are met. For more information, please refer to our terms and conditions.